// £■ w S L FI TFV?
Office of Executive Secretary
January 15, 1939
WHAT ARE YOUR STANDARDS?
3. Howard Evans, Secretary of t;he National Committee on Education by
Radio, 1 Madison Avenue, New York City, is collecting dj ta on the
standards whic control selection of proprams to be broadoast by
member stations of NAEB. Will you please send direct to Mr. Evans
any statement you mgty have on jour station policy In the selection
of broaddast programs And also send a copy to your Executive
Secretary. Pronto, PleaseS
PCC REPORTS TO CONGRESS
The Federal Communications Oomnisslon has made "substantial progress* 3
in increasing its effectiveness as a regulatory agency through chargee
in practices, procedure and organization, Chairman Frank R. MpNlnch
has told the Congress In a letter of transmittal, accompanying the
Commission 11 s annual report to the Congress, Mr. McNlnch said that
reforms already effected 'promise decidedly improved administration
of the Communications Aot;«"
His letter added: "These reforms have two broad purposes: First,
greater efficiency, and second, the utmost protection attainable
again?* possible improper influence by those having business with
*pe accumulation of broadcasting oases and other work "has been
nandled and made practicably current" through a speeding up of
activity and a great deal of overtime work, the Chairman said.
He noted also the abandonment of the divisional method or organ¬
ization, the abolishment of the Examining Division and other steps
to reorganize the Comnisnlon*s administrative set-up.
Reorganization steps alone, however, "cannot be a complete cure"
for the Commission*s overload of work, Chairman McNinch said, pointing
out that the administrative tasc throughout the range of the Commis¬
sion 8 s functions is large, varied and difficult. He continued:
'♦Experience has demonstrated that the Commission is gravely under¬
staffed for its task and that this condition is largely responsible
for the accumulation of work and the Inability to keep a great part
of this work current. Overtime work by the staff Is unavoidable, and
NAEB NEWS LETTER
Jnn useyy 15, 1939
“It amounted In the fiscal year to 2,062 days, or the equivalent of about
5 days for every person In the Commission’s headouarters organization
of less than 400 peoole. Since the end of the fiscal year the over¬
time condition has grown sorewhat worse.
“To remedy this situation oi understaffing, overloau, ana accumulation,
as well as to provide more adequate anu effective f< cilities for regu¬
lation, the Commission has recordtenaea this yet r a ^uostantial increase in
f its buuget.“
The Commission's report to Congress stated that the Com.ilssicn is inking
a stuay of methods oi organizing al communications, facilities, includ¬
ing radio, telephone, ana telegraph seivice^, to provide for their
prompt and efficient use upon the ari&in 0 of any sectional or national'
emergency. The men sure s this etuoy contemplates would be auapteci not
alone to nation**! defense in time of need but to disasters sucn as
those caused by flood, fire, or hurricane.
The report also h//tea that the Commission had studied certain situations
which might result in recommendations for additional or amendatory
legislation. f; ne of these is tne unlicensed operation of radio equip¬
ment by school children. Unaer present law such operation is a felony.
Because of *de severe penalties the Commission, prosecutors and 0 rand
Juries ap^oach indictments reluctantly in such cases. The report
notes the offense might be made a misdemeanor, with lesser (penal¬
ties more effective enforcement.
'Ainilarly, witlx regard to possible recommendations for legislation, the
Commission noted the danger that the usefulness of a large ptrt of the
radio spectrum for communication purposes may be destroyed by radio
interference from diathermy or electro-medical apparatus. The report
added: “This interference seriously impairs radio communication
service at tne present time ana is rapidly O rowin^ in intensity. 1 *
The last fiscal year and the months since were characterized as “a
period of signifleant de\ r elopments nd noteworthy progress, both during
American communications anu in the aainini strati on of this Commission
to which Congress has entrusted the duty of regulating them.**
Establishment of ^7 new broadcasting stations v/as authorized during the
fiscal year. This represented little more than a third of the new
stations for which applications were filed.
Radio facilities for aviation were stated to have been advanced to the
point that instrument landing systems are expected to be in actual
service in the United States v/lthin a few months.
The Commission’s investigation of chain and network broadcasting and
of possible monopoly, supervised by a committee embracing, besides the
Chairman, Commissioners Brown, dykes, ana Walker, “promises to produce
much information of value,** the letter of transmittal ncted. This
investigation is bein^ conducted in oraer to the necessary informa¬
tion upon which to base regulations ana possible recommendations for
NAKB NEWU LETTER
January 15, 1939
Tiie Commission plane to submit a finf.l report on the telephone Investi¬
gation to the present Congress. This investigation was supervised by
Commissioner Walker, anu a proposed report v;as submitted during the
fiscal year 193*5»
A committee composed of Commissioners Case, chairman. Craven, ana Payne,
has obtained evidence to guide the Commission in determining whether the
new technical rules concerning broadcasting, ana the Standards of Engin¬
eering Practice formulated by the Cojamission should be adopted. Upon its
completion, this committee’s report will aia in formulating new policies
with respect to the technical aspects of broadcasting, including a decision
on the question of superpower.
NEW FCC PROCEDURE
The Communications Commission’s newly established Motions Pocket procedure,
set up under the New Rules of Practice and Procedure, which became effec¬
tive January 1, was inaugurated on Friday, January 6. On that.day Com¬
missioner Paul A. Walker heard motions and petitions in nine pending cases.
Hereafter a motions docket will be called at 10:00 A.M. on Friday of each
Under the old rules most of the motions and petitions were handled by a
Comiflissioner without hearing the parties and without specific and uniform
provision for the filing of opposition, although opposition was considered
when it was offered.
Under the new plan the Commissioner designated to the Motions Dockets will
study the motions and petitions and will also hear the parties at an open
hearing. Full provision 1ms been made for notice and opposition both
through the filing of counter-motions and counter-petitions and through
argument. A member of the Law Department will be present at hearings.
The Commissioner presiding will pass upon all (potions, petitions, or
matters in cases designated for formal hearing, excepting motions and
petitions.requesting final disposition of a case on its merits, those
having the nature of an appeal to the Commission, and those recreating
change or modification of a fine! order made by the Commission.
WATCH YOUR LICENSE RENEWAL
The Federal Communications Commission has announced that hereafter it
will insist upon strict adherence to its rule requiring broadcast
stations to file application for renewal of license more than sixty
days in advance or expiration of the license.
No temporary broadcast licenses or extensions of licenser will be issued
under any circumstances where the stations fall to file applications for
renewal. When an application i£ received less than sixty days in advance
of expiration of licence, a temporary extension of license only will be
granted, and the reasons for so acting will be made public.
HAEB NEWS LETTER
January 15, 1939
Experience haa shown that sixty days is the minimum time required for the
staff to check and study applications adequately and for the Commissioners
to give them effective study and consideration.
Under the Commission*s rules applications for renewal of station licenses
must he filed more than sixty days prior to the expiration date of the
licenses. In many instances stations have filed applications late and in
a few the Commission has Jailed to receive any application.
The Commission took the view that temporary extensions, even for thirty
days, are unwarranted and may not he legally granted where no application
has been filed* Licensees must accept full responsibility for filing
their applications in good time and in proper form under the Commission*s
The Commission noted that th© following stations are presently tardy with
their applications for renewals. Stations KUSD, Vermilion, South Dakota;
Station WCBS, Springfield* Illinois; Station WIRE, (Auxiliary Transmitter)
Indianapolis, Indiana; Station WKAT, Miami Beach, Florida,; Station WC^BC,
Vicksburg, Mississippi; Station KCDM, Stockton, California; Station KIEV,
Glendale, C R lif vrnjla i fn<l Station WDZ, Tuscola, Illinois.
Attention Ip* also invited to the fact that the applications for renewal
of license-* should he completed to reflect actual conditions at the time
of filin-> applications and ©are must he exercised in copying previous
applications for renewal of license to determine that any changes in con-
aii^onfj are properly disclosed. It has been the experience of^the Commis¬
sion that where certain errors appear in an application, the same errors
appear time after time. This necessitates either returning the application
or writing the applicant at each renewal period and often necessitates the
granting of temporary extension6 while the repeated error is being corrected.
When a licensee holds special authorization permitting operation different
from that authorized by the license itself, (Use of additional time or
power for temporary or experimental purposes) the application for renewal
of the regular licehse should be mad© out as thought the station were
operating under the regular license alone, without the special authoriza¬
tion. The. operation as it actually occurs under the special authorization
should be set forth in an attached letter of transmittal, properly affirmed
and in the event formal application is required for renewal of the special
authorization such application should be filed simultaneously^*
CH ANCELLOR AND P^GIDEHT JOIN IN KOAC APPEAL
If the great state-owned radio service agency, KOAC, is lost now through
encroachment of commercial interests from another state, it probably never
will be regained in its present efficiency, Chancellor F. M» Hunter, head
of the state system of higher education, warned in adding his support to
the intensive drive to inform the Oregon congressional dedegatlon of the
desires of Oregon people U'\ respect to KOAC.
Senator Mc'ka.ry had informed Chancellor Hunter that he had been asked by
the chairman of the Federal communications commission to prepare a rep
NAKB NEWb LETTER
Januaiy 15 , 1939
bearing on the applioation of KOY to use the KOAC wavelength, and that he
was using for this purpose the oommunications he was receiving from his own
constituents. Hunger emphasized the fact that the state board has the
interests of 65,000 Oregon farm families in mind primarily in maintaining
the station, although it serves urban audiences as well.
President G . W. Peavy added his endorsement to the campaign, saying
KOAC is a vital faotor in keeping the people informed of the far-flung
activities of the state oollege, particularly in the field of agricul¬
tural research and extension, "KOAC must be preserved to serve the
people of Oregon, 11 he declared.
THIS CONCERNS YOUR STATION, TOO
The Federal Comraunications Commission has set for hearing a petition
of Mayor Fiorello H. LaGu»rdia, of New York City, in the matter of
Station WNYC, municipally owned broadcast station of that city.
The Mayor petitioned the Commission to amend certain of its rules in
order to permit the rebroadcasting of programs of high frequency and
International broadcast stations, by regular broadcast stations whose
licensees are universities, other eduoat ional institutions, munici¬
palities, other government agencies, or other non-commeroial non-profit-
As now written the rules of the Commission do not prohibit the rebroad-
oasting of programs of high frequency broadcast stations but merely
require the authority of the Commission for the rebroadcast. However,
the rules do not permit regular broadcast stations to rebroadoast the
programs of international broadcast stations located vdthin the United
States except where wire lines are not available to transmit the
programs to regular broadcast stations.
The Mayor*s petition also asked that the Commission amend its rules
which prohibit high frequency and international broadcast stations
which are in an experimental status, from making any charge, directly
or indireotly, for the transmission of programs.
In setting the matter for hearing the Commission opened the way for
a complete discussion of the subject.
Scanned from the National Association of Educational Broadcasters Records
at the Wisconsin Historical Society as part of
"Unlocking the Airwaves: Revitalizing an Early Public and Educational Radio Collection."
'oiTu> c KTwe
A collaboration among the Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities,
University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Communication Arts,
and Wisconsin Historical Society.
Supported by a Humanities Collections and Reference Resources grant from
the National Endowment for the Humanities
I I T I—I MARYLAND INSTITUTE for
I TECHNOLOGY in the HUMANITIES
NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE
views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication/collection do not necessarily reflect those of the
National Endowment for the Humanities.